Dr. Maria Montessori, Montessori Concept, Montessori Education vs Traditional Education

Marlboro Montessori Academy


What is Montessori Education?


Montessori education was founded in 1907 by Dr. Maria Montessori, the first female physician in Italy.  She based her educational methods on the scientific observation of children’s learning processes. Guided by her discovery that children teach themselves, Dr. Montessori designed a “prepared environment” in which children could freely choose from a number of developmentally appropriate activities.


Dr. Maria Montessori's desire to help children was so strong that in 1906 she gave up both her university chair and her medical practice to work with sixty children of working parents in the San Lorenzo district of Rome. It was there that she founded the first Casa dei Bambini, or “Children’s House.”  Based upon Dr. Montessori’s scientific observations of these children, she learned they had an effortless ability to absorb knowledge from their surroundings. They also had a tireless interest in manipulating materials. Every piece of equipment, exercise, and technique developed by Dr. Montessori was based on what she observed children did “naturally” and independently. The Montessori activities at our academy promote the development of social skills, emotional growth, physical coordination and cognitive preparation. Fostering self-esteem and confidence in our students is of utmost importance to our staff.  We empower children to ignite their natural curiosity by integrating science, geography, art and music in our Montessori curriculum. Our students love the fun and creative activities that spark their inquisitiveness to explore. Montessori students touch and feel materials which provide the multi-sensorial path to learning.  Hands-on learning is one of the basic tenets of the Montessori method.  

MONTESSORI EDUCATION                                    

Emphasizes cognitive and social development


Emphasizes rote-learning and social behavior

Specially designed and prepared child environment
Teacher controlled environment
The teacher as a facilitator, mentor and resource person
The teacher as lecturer
Learning is an internally developmental process
Learning is an externally reinforced process
Children work at their own pace with materials they have chosen
Children have a limited time exposure to teacher chosen materials
Discovery learning is encouraged
External control of behavior is promoted
Child understands concepts using manipulatives
Abstract learning with limited materials for concrete manipulation
Multi-sensorial,  self-correcting approach
Teacher points out errors
Develop a lifelong love of learning
Education based on memorization of facts